Berlin, Mouton De Gruyter, pp. These preliterate people also recognized the same emotions when shown the Darwin-Tomkins set. An International YearkbookSebeok, T. Joseph Carroll Denis Dutton. Ekman criticized the tendency of psychologists to base their conclusions on surveys of college students. Evolutionary psychology Psychology portal Evolutionary biology portal.
After testing a total of 20, people  from all walks of life, he found only 50 people who had the ability to spot deception without any formal training.
Get the science of a meaningful life delivered to your inbox. Psychological development Morality Religion Depression Educational psychology Evolutionary aesthetics Music Darwinian literary studies Evolution of emotion. Ekman addressed this question by studying people in a Stone Age culture in New Guinea, who had seen few if any outsiders and no media portrayals of emotion. Ekman has contributed to the study of social aspects of lying, why we lie,   and why we are often unconcerned with detecting lies. University of California Press, Berkeley, p.